This is a loss of bone mass which increases the risk of fractures.

Risk Factors:

  • high alcohol consumption
  • consumption of phosphoric acid found in colas and carbonated soft drinks
  • estrogen deficiency due to menopause is a major contributor
  • smoking
  • lack of exercise
  • lack of calcium or Vit. D
    • high salt intake causes calcium loss
    • high caffeine (more than 3 – 4 cups per day) causes calcium loss
  • Androgen Deprivation Therapy (used to treat prostate cancer)
  • use of Glucocorticoid medication (a steroid used to reduce inflammation)
  • Malabsorption Syndromes (from celiac disease or cystic fibrosis)
  • Chronic Inflammatory Disease
  • Low body weight or extreme weight loss

Prevention Strategies:

  • calcium and strontium are required for bone health but must be taken separately as they use the same pathways for absorption in the intestinal tract
  • take Vit. D & calcium together to reduce the risk of fractures
  • calcium ossein-hydroxyapatite compound is safe and effective for prevention of bone loss in post-menopausal women BUT comes from animal bones
  • increase Vit. B & K, protein and Omega 3’s
  • exercise
  • green tea and magnesium supplements help with bone mineral density